It is believed that as at 2014, an estimated 422 million adults were living with diabetes, compared to 108 million in 1980. If the epidemic of ‘Diabetes’ were a country, it would come in at third place in terms of population, behind only China and India. The global prevalence of diabetes has nearly doubled since 1980, rising from 4.7 per cent to 8.5 per cent in the adult population. This reflects an increase in associated risk factors such as being overweight or obese. Over the past decade, diabetes prevalence has risen faster in low and middle-income countries than in high-income countries. World Diabetes Day is the primary global awareness campaign focusing on diabetes mellitus and is held on November 14 each year.